刘景玮,刘京菊,陆余良,杨斌,朱凯龙.基于网络攻防博弈模型的最优防御策略选取方法[J].计算机科学,2018,45(6):117-123
基于网络攻防博弈模型的最优防御策略选取方法
Optimal Defense Strategy Selection Method Based on Network Attack-Defense Game Model
投稿时间:2017-04-14  修订日期:2017-07-06
DOI:10.11896/j.issn.1002-137X.2018.06.020
中文关键词:  网络安全,博弈论,攻防博弈,最优策略
英文关键词:Network security,Game theory,Attack-defense game,Optimal strategy
基金项目:本文受国家自然科学基金(61602491)资助
作者单位E-mail
刘景玮 国防科技大学电子对抗学院 合肥230037
31007部队 北京100039 
jjszjpsg@163.com 
刘京菊 国防科技大学电子对抗学院 合肥230037 80822448@qq.com 
陆余良 国防科技大学电子对抗学院 合肥230037  
杨斌 国防科技大学电子对抗学院 合肥230037  
朱凯龙 国防科技大学电子对抗学院 合肥230037  
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中文摘要:
      为了降低安全风险损失,并在有限的资源下做出最优网络防御决策,设计了一种网络攻防博弈最优策略选取方法。首先,建立网络攻防博弈模型,证明了该模型混合策略纳什均衡的存在性;然后,给出了基于该模型的网络攻防策略选取算法,包括基于网络攻防策略图的攻防策略搜索算法、攻防双方不同策略下基于通用漏洞评分系统的效用函数量化计算方法和混合策略纳什均衡求解方法等;最后,在一个典型的网络攻防实例场景下对模型的有效性进行了分析和验证。实验结果表明,该模型能够有效地生成最优防御决策方案。
英文摘要:
      In order to reduce the loss of security risk and make the optimal network defense decision under the limited resources,the optimal defense strategy selection method based on attack-defense game model was proposed.First,network attack-defense game model was established and the existence of equilibrium model of the mixed strategy Nash was proved.Then,the network attack-defense strategy selection algorithm based on the model was given,including the attack-defense strategy searching algorithm based on network attack-defense strategy graph,the calculation method of utility function under varied attack-defense strategies based on the common vulnerability scoring system and the method for solving mixed strategy Nash equilibrium.Finally,the validity of the model was analyzed and verified in a typical attack-defense experiment.The experimental results show that the model can effectively generate the optimal defense strategy.
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