任明,汤红波,斯雪明,游伟.区块链技术在政府部门的应用综述[J].计算机科学,2018,45(2):1-7
区块链技术在政府部门的应用综述
Survey of Applications Based on Blockchain in Government Department
投稿时间:2017-12-04  修订日期:2018-01-10
DOI:10.11896/j.issn.1002-137X.2018.02.001
中文关键词:  区块链,非金融应用,政府应用,安全,挑战
英文关键词:Blockchain,Non-financial applications,Applications in government department,Security,Challenges
基金项目:本文受东南大学移动国家重点实验室开放研究基金资助
作者单位E-mail
任明 国家数字交换系统工程技术研究中心 郑州450001  
汤红波 国家数字交换系统工程技术研究中心 郑州450001 thb@ndsc.com.cn 
斯雪明 数学工程与先进计算国家重点实验室 郑州450001  
游伟 国家数字交换系统工程技术研究中心 郑州450001  
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中文摘要:
      随着比特币价值的不断攀升,其背后使用的区块链技术在全球范围内迅速引起了各个行业的广泛关注,同时也引起了各国政府的高度重视。特别是以美国为代表的一些国家在政府和权力机构的支持下,已经开始尝试将此项技术应用于专用信息平台建设、装备物资运转和系统控制等多个方面,认为此项技术的分布式、可追溯、不易篡改等特性能够在匿名数据的收集、数据的完整性校验、智能设备的互联通信等多个方面发挥重要作用。同时,目前也有不少国家政府机构对区块链技术的应用仍然保持谨慎的态度,认为此项技术仍然面临着安全保密、应用的通用性等诸多问题。通过 介绍和分析 政府部门中区块链技术的应用情况,指出目前该项技术在政府部门应用的过程中面临的挑战。最后,针对这些问题,并结合现在学术界已有的工作提出相应的解决方案。
英文摘要:
      As the value of Bitcoin continuously rises,the blockchain technology applied behind it has promptly drawn widespread attention throughout the world,and it has also attracted the attention of governments at the same time.In particular,some countries,represented by the United States,under the support of the governments and the power institutions,have begun to try to apply this technology in various aspects,including the construction of specific information platforms,the operation of equipment supplies,and the control of systems.They think that the features including distribution,traceability and difficult tampering,etc of this technology could give full play to advantages of many aspects such as anonymous data collection,data integrity verification,interconnected communication of intelligent equipments,etc.In the meantime,the government institutions of many countries still maintain a cautious attitude towards the application of blockchain technology and they think that this technology is still faced with lots of problems including security and the universality of application,etc.Through the introduction and analysis of applications of the blockchain technology of government departments,the challenges confronted by current blockchain technology in the applications of government departments were pointed out.Lastly,for these problems,corresponding solutions were brought forward through combing the existing work in the academic field.
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