何璐蓓,厉俊男,杨翔瑞,孙志刚.RESSP:基于FPGA的可重构SDN交换结构[J].计算机科学,2018,45(1):205-210
RESSP:基于FPGA的可重构SDN交换结构
RESSP:An FPGA-based REconfigurable SDN Switching Architecture
投稿时间:2016-12-05  修订日期:2017-03-31
DOI:10.11896/j.issn.1002-137X.2018.01.036
中文关键词:  软件定义网络,现场可编程门阵列,交换结构,可重构,开源,网络教学
英文关键词:Software defined networking,FPGA,Switching architecture,REconfigurable,Open source,Network teaching
基金项目:本文受国家高技术研究发展计划:IPv6大规模编址与路由关键技术研究和验证(SS2015AA010201)资助
作者单位E-mail
何璐蓓 国防科技大学计算机学院 长沙410073 conniemehlb@163.com 
厉俊男 国防科技大学计算机学院 长沙410073 nudt_ljn@163.com 
杨翔瑞 国防科技大学计算机学院 长沙410073 18635723769@163.com 
孙志刚 国防科技大学计算机学院 长沙410073 sunzhigang@263.net 
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中文摘要:
      SDN采用转发与控制分离的架构和集中的控制管理机制,可有效满足不同网络中不同粒度的管理控制需求。当高校科研人员进行SDN的教学和创新实验时,需要一个处理过程可感且可重新编程的数据平面来支持原理展示和自主研究。然而,传统ASIC交换机的内部实现流程不透明且转发查表架构固定,软件交换机的处理性能较低,因此无法充分支持数据平面的研究。目前,通过FPGA设计可编程数据平面,为满足不同科研场景下多样化的处理需求提供了一条可行路径。但是,在基于FPGA的可重构交换机架构和设计方法方面还缺少深入研究,主要表现在难以实现基于模块细粒度的SDN处理流程重构,现有工作复用程度低,同时无法为开源的SDN数据平面设计提供技术支持。为此,提出一种基于FPGA的SDN交换平面实现结构——RESSP(FPGA-based REconfigurable SDN Swi-tching Pipeline)。RESSP将报文处理流程拆解成多个可动态加载的模块,针对交换机具体的应用场景,利用FPGA可编程特性对硬件功能模块进行增加、删除或替换,从而针对实际需求设计出相应的报文处理逻辑。此外,基于RESSP实现了一个SDN交换机的原型系统MiniSwitch。MiniSwitch验证了RESSP在教学科研实验中快速重构所需SDN数据平面的可行性和可扩展性。
英文摘要:
      SDN,which uses forwarding control separation architecture and centralized management control mechanism,can effectively meet the needs of different networks in different granularity control demand.When SDN teaching and innovation experiments are carried out by researchers in universities,a data plane is needed which can be felt and reprogrammed to support the principle demonstration and the independent research.However,the internal implementation process of traditional ASIC switch is opaque and the lookup architecture is fixed,and the processing speed of the software switch is low,so they can not fully support the research of the data plane.At present,the design of programmable data plane whith FPGA provides a feasible path to meet the diverse needs of different research scenarios.Although academia and industry have been done some preliminary attempt based on FPGA SDN switch design,but FPGA-based reconstructed switch architecture and design method still lack in-depth study,and it is difficult to achieve fine-grained module reconfigurable SDN processing.Therefore,the existing work is hard to reuse and is also unable to provide technical support to SDN data graphic design.This paper proposed a FPGA-based reconfigurable SDN switching architecture,namely RESSP.RESSP disassembles the packet processing into multiple modules which can be dynamically loa-ded.For specific application scenarios switches,a corresponding packet processing was designed by using FPGA to add,remove or replace the RESSP’s module.Based on the structure of RESSP,this paper implemented a prototype of SDN switch MiniSwitch and its management software.MiniSwitch verifies that RESSP can quickly reconstruct the corresponding SDN data plane for different scenarios,and meet the diverse processing requirements of SDN switches in different application scenarios.
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